Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
Similar evidence regarding observation as a prerequisite to performance was presented about Navajo (Werner & Begishe, 1968; Longstreet, 1978) and Yaqui societies (Appleton, 1983). These cultures respect the ability of a person to learn experientially, without the constant supervision and correction so characteristic of formal instruction. This respect gives individuals the autonomy of knowing when performance of a task is ready for public scrutiny. Such studies show that the way in which children demonstrate their learning in a school setting is related to the way they have acquired knowledge.